Monday, March 5 2018 18:39
Naira Badalian

Artak Manukyan: absurd theater in Armenian or Armenian procurement reforms

Artak Manukyan: absurd theater in Armenian or Armenian procurement reforms

ArmInfo. The problems in Armenia's procurement sphere have never been conditioned by the existence of gaps in the legislation. The roots of problems lie in law enforcement practice. The economist, chairman of the NGO "National Research Center of Public Policy" Artak Manukyan stated in an interview with ArmInfo correspondent, commenting on the cardinal changes in the sphere of legislative regulation of the procurement system that started in April 2017.

According to the expert, Armenia had the best legislation in the field of procurement until April 2017. In 2011 it was brought into line with the best procurement standards of the World Trade Organization. In addition, according to the expert, speaking of his reformist intentions in the field of procurement, the government behaved not completely to the end. "The adoption of the new law was also conditioned by membership in the EAEU, so the authorities tried to ensure the harmonization of the national legislation, both with the WTO norms and the EAEU," he said.

Nevertheless, the expert is sure that the task to this day is impunity and the authorities have no will to destroy quasi-monopolies. The head of the NGO is sure that from April 25 until today no company, due to concealment of the fact of affiliation with the state official, or information about the real owner of the company, fell into the so-called "black list". "You can talk incessantly about the desire to identify the affiliation of the company participating in the tender with officials and the purposes to disclose the real owners. But if you continue to look through your fingers to see how the owner further artificially splits one company into many dwarfs, will not move from the dead center," he said.  As Artak Manukyan assures, for today purchases from one person continue to remain the Achilles' heel of the whole sphere. The expert does not believe in official statistics, which says a multiple reduction in the number of purchases under this procedure. "The procurement of the three main state structures that carry out protocol purchases from one person - the presidential apparatus, the National Assembly and the government, was called secret information by virtue of the law." Thus, the authorities improved statistics by one movement of the pen," Manukyan explained, urging not to forget that formally sugar imports to Armenia 39 business entities, again formally providing a competitive environment. With more detailed study, the expert noted, it becomes obvious that all 39 are the property of one person.

In general, according to the expert, if the government had the purpose to really reform the sphere, first of all, it would provide a free system of appealing the decisions of the tender commission. For today, consideration of disputes over the results of the contest, the appellant will cost 30 thousand drams (whether it's a contestant, a representative of the public organization, or an investigative journalist who at some stage sees violations and signals a problem). When making a positive decision on it - the amount is returned. While the services of the hotline in Armenia, which also provide anonymity, are free of charge. Meanwhile, the appellant in the procurement system has no right to anonymity, he reveals himself that in the context of Armenian reality, in the opinion of the economist, means to burn all the bridges behind him. "I will not open America if I say that after that they will become outcasts of the system and after that they will not be able to hope for victory in the contest," he said. In many countries, according to the economist, if the state is really interested in receiving signals from the public about the existing problems, then it, if possible, ensures the free process. "The theater of the absurd is nothing more," Artak Manukyan said.

Within the same feedback, according to the statements of the Ministry of Finance, permanent discussions are being held with the representatives of the PA, expert circles to implement reforms in the procurement sphere. However, according to the expert, the question is with whom and with what purpose this work is conducted - to listen to their opinion or again "clean water PR". In the opposite case, in his opinion, the agency was to invite alternative media to these discussions. Otherwise, according to the economist, "these discussions are worthless." "There are numerous pocket NGOs that are invited to the discussion for the sake of a tick, but it is not a fact that the participants in such discussions are satisfied with the results of the joint work," Artak Manukyan said.

As a result, as the expert assured, everything depends on the following: how much is the result obtained consistent with the stated goal - is there any chance that the bio-toilet purchased for a rather cheap price will be placed on the street, or how morally it is to talk about the 30% poverty level, continuing the former luxuries of the state apparatus.

In one, he is sure that in no problem-sphere in Armenia is legislation at the center, because Armenia already has legislation, perhaps the most liberal one, and that is in line with European standards, and it's about ensuring law enforcement practice. "No matter how much we talk about improving the legislation, if the country has a centralized economy, the result will be the same - just permanent players will already win by the law." How many we would not open the field if from year to year the tenders were won by the same persons it is meaningless to expect the participation of new players. The Armenian market is small and does not have the attractiveness that players from outside express a desire to participate in the process - as a result, again, the tender will win "Flash", concluded the head of the NGO.

POST A COMMENT
Input digits     


News
FLYONE ARMENIA airline making promotional offer FLYONE ARMENIA airline making promotional offer 
Possibilities of expanding cooperation in energy and transport  between Armenia, Iran discuss in TehranPossibilities of expanding cooperation in energy and transport  between Armenia, Iran discuss in Tehran
CBA: From H2 2023, inflation will gradually approach targeted 4% in  ArmeniaCBA: From H2 2023, inflation will gradually approach targeted 4% in  Armenia
CBA Head: Inflationary pressure to soften in 2023CBA Head: Inflationary pressure to soften in 2023
Central Bank: Volume of deposits of non-residents in Armenian banks  almost doubled in 2022Central Bank: Volume of deposits of non-residents in Armenian banks  almost doubled in 2022
Martin Galstyan: there is one commonality for all regulators today -  no one knows how to regulate the cryptosector wellMartin Galstyan: there is one commonality for all regulators today -  no one knows how to regulate the cryptosector well
Central Bank is considering possibility of increasing countercyclical  capital buffer by 0.5%Central Bank is considering possibility of increasing countercyclical  capital buffer by 0.5%
Central Bank of Armenia maintains its forecast for 2023 on GDP growth  at 4.6%Central Bank of Armenia maintains its forecast for 2023 on GDP growth  at 4.6%
Armenia`s gross international reserves set a new record of $4.112  billion by 2023Armenia`s gross international reserves set a new record of $4.112  billion by 2023
Health insurance in Armenia: Why does social justice contradict  social solidarity in Health Ministry`s compulsory health insurance  concept and what are risks of State Fund control ?Health insurance in Armenia: Why does social justice contradict  social solidarity in Health Ministry`s compulsory health insurance  concept and what are risks of State Fund control ?
Common Aviation Area Agreement between EU and Armenia enters into  forceCommon Aviation Area Agreement between EU and Armenia enters into  force
Armenia`s CB leaves refinancing rate unchanged Armenia`s CB leaves refinancing rate unchanged 
Nikol Pashinyan to take part in EIC meeting in AlmatyNikol Pashinyan to take part in EIC meeting in Almaty
Armenia`s financial authorities continue loan market dedollarization Armenia`s financial authorities continue loan market dedollarization 
60 Armenian IT companies among Armenia`s 1,000 major taxpayers 60 Armenian IT companies among Armenia`s 1,000 major taxpayers 
Armenia`s minister of economy meets with BostonGene company reps Armenia`s minister of economy meets with BostonGene company reps 
Ameriabank leads Armenian mortgage marketAmeriabank leads Armenian mortgage market
Global Finance: Converse Bank is Armenia`s leading bank in Trade FinanceGlobal Finance: Converse Bank is Armenia`s leading bank in Trade Finance
Expert forecasts that growth of business activity in Armenian economy  to reach 7% this year Expert forecasts that growth of business activity in Armenian economy  to reach 7% this year 
Wizz Air to start operating flights to 4 new routesWizz Air to start operating flights to 4 new routes
ZCMC paid unprecedented taxes in 2022, exceeding the figure of the previous year by almost two and a half times.ZCMC paid unprecedented taxes in 2022, exceeding the figure of the previous year by almost two and a half times.
Armenian NPP comments on Azerbaijani Human Rights Commissioner`s call Armenian NPP comments on Azerbaijani Human Rights Commissioner`s call 
Armenia`s IT sector rapidly developing - reps Armenia`s IT sector rapidly developing - reps 
Armenia, Qatar discuss opportunities for investment cooperation Armenia, Qatar discuss opportunities for investment cooperation 
44,929 more officially registered jobs in Armenia as against last  year44,929 more officially registered jobs in Armenia as against last  year
Italian businesses interested in Armenia`s investment environment Italian businesses interested in Armenia`s investment environment 
Vahan Kerobyan raises Artsakh issue at Global Forum on Food and  Agriculture in BerlinVahan Kerobyan raises Artsakh issue at Global Forum on Food and  Agriculture in Berlin
Corporacion America  CEO expresses readiness to increase investments  in ArmeniaCorporacion America  CEO expresses readiness to increase investments  in Armenia
Loss ratio in CMPTL market decreased from 79% to 66% in 2022 Loss ratio in CMPTL market decreased from 79% to 66% in 2022 
Armenian banks record 3-fold growth in net profit in 2022Armenian banks record 3-fold growth in net profit in 2022
Expert: The development of the cryptosector in Armenia is the key to the involvement of new players, the growth of the tax base and jobs   Expert: The development of the cryptosector in Armenia is the key to the involvement of new players, the growth of the tax base and jobs  
901 transactions to amount of over AMD 56bln effected under economic  modernization programme in 2022901 transactions to amount of over AMD 56bln effected under economic  modernization programme in 2022
Armenia`s economy will not be able to withstand the expansion of  Turkish goods- EconomistArmenia`s economy will not be able to withstand the expansion of  Turkish goods- Economist
Armenia`s government to support hotels in Syunik, Vaiots DzorArmenia`s government to support hotels in Syunik, Vaiots Dzor
In Armenia, terms for removing arrest from citizens` accounts to be  reduced to 1-2 days from previous 7 days or moreIn Armenia, terms for removing arrest from citizens` accounts to be  reduced to 1-2 days from previous 7 days or more
Share of Armenia`s authorized capital in  EDB increased to 4.2291%,  while Russia`s stake in EDB decreased  to 44.7878%  Share of Armenia`s authorized capital in  EDB increased to 4.2291%,  while Russia`s stake in EDB decreased  to 44.7878%  
Armenia, Germany discuss number of issues on cooperation in economic  sectorArmenia, Germany discuss number of issues on cooperation in economic  sector
$350mln to invested in Zvartnots International Airport$350mln to invested in Zvartnots International Airport
Declaration of income: We have not achieved tax egalitarianism -  ExpertDeclaration of income: We have not achieved tax egalitarianism -  Expert
In Jan-Nov 2022, Armenian-Georgian trade turnover doubled compared to  2021, amounting to $759 million- PashinyanIn Jan-Nov 2022, Armenian-Georgian trade turnover doubled compared to  2021, amounting to $759 million- Pashinyan
Irakli Garibashvili announces about 70% increase in foreign trade  turnover with ArmeniaIrakli Garibashvili announces about 70% increase in foreign trade  turnover with Armenia
The beneficiary of The beneficiary of "The Power of One Dram" in January is the educational program "Talentum"
Fly Arna airline announces launch of new nonstop flights to Saint  PetersburgFly Arna airline announces launch of new nonstop flights to Saint  Petersburg
Vardan Aramyan: With the current quality and level of investments,  there is no need to talk about the growth of the economy`s potentialVardan Aramyan: With the current quality and level of investments,  there is no need to talk about the growth of the economy`s potential
Ministry of Economy of Armenia expects that ferry service to start  operating in Q1 2023Ministry of Economy of Armenia expects that ferry service to start  operating in Q1 2023
Armenia`s gross international reserves move down from historical highArmenia`s gross international reserves move down from historical high
Armenia`s tax revenues AMD 1,926bln in 2022Armenia`s tax revenues AMD 1,926bln in 2022
Robert Khachatryan: receiving station and satellite control center to  be put into operation during 2023Robert Khachatryan: receiving station and satellite control center to  be put into operation during 2023
Armenia extending restrictions on import of cement and clinkerArmenia extending restrictions on import of cement and clinker
New Year in Idram. results of 2022New Year in Idram. results of 2022
Ameriabank named Best Foreign Exchange Bank in Armenia by Global FinanceAmeriabank named Best Foreign Exchange Bank in Armenia by Global Finance
Economic growth in 2022 is not inclusive and leads to widening of  social gap - Luys FoundationEconomic growth in 2022 is not inclusive and leads to widening of  social gap - Luys Foundation
In 2022, social investments of Zangezur Copper-Molybdenum Plant  amounted to about 3.5 billion dramsIn 2022, social investments of Zangezur Copper-Molybdenum Plant  amounted to about 3.5 billion drams
Tariff for final consumers of electricity in Armenia will remain  unchanged in 2023Tariff for final consumers of electricity in Armenia will remain  unchanged in 2023
CBA to put into circulation new batch of 3rd generation thousandth  banknotes from January 23, 2023CBA to put into circulation new batch of 3rd generation thousandth  banknotes from January 23, 2023
Vahan Kerobyan: Unemployment rate in Armenia in 2023 will be below  10%Vahan Kerobyan: Unemployment rate in Armenia in 2023 will be below  10%
$56mln recovered to state budget in 2022$56mln recovered to state budget in 2022
CBA improves net private transfers forecast for 2022CBA improves net private transfers forecast for 2022
CBA improves unemployment forecast for 2022 CBA improves unemployment forecast for 2022 
RF Deputy Minister: financial institutions of Russia, Armenia are  expanding  network of correspondent relationsRF Deputy Minister: financial institutions of Russia, Armenia are  expanding  network of correspondent relations
Read more


Exchange rates
01.02.2023
RUB5.650.04
USD395.740.07
EUR430.962.69
GBP487.590.44
CAD297.333.54
JPY30.480.13
CNY58.640.11
CHF432.035.89