ArmInfo.The United States today is conducting quite active training in the direction of increasing confrontation with Iran. Coupled with the projection of tension existing in the Washington-Tehran relations to other regions, this is quite capable of affecting the political situation around Iran. To a large extent, such tensions complicate the situation in our region. ArmInfo expressed a similar opinion to Ilgar Velizade, head of the South Caucasus (Baku) political scientists club.
US President Donald Trump called on Tehran to begin negotiations on Iran's complete abandonment of its nuclear program. Given the heightened tension between the two countries, Trump also did not rule out a military scenario of resolving the conflict. Between the US and Iran are increasingly traced elements of political tension. In particular, the United States sent aircraft carriers to the Persian Gulf, in response to Iran once again threatened to block the Strait of Hormuz.
"This is a destabilization of a large enough region - on the Caspian Sea, Iran borders with Azerbaijan, Russia, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan. Accordingly, regional countries that are not interested in such a scenario are making efforts to reduce the military-political and economic risks that this situation is fraught with. So, in the face of US pressure on Iran, Russia, Iran and Azerbaijan agreed to discuss the prospects for the development of the North-South project in Moscow in August. This project is also of interest to India, to some South States Asia and Northern Europe ", - he stressed.
Nevertheless, given the desire of the European Union countries, Russia and China to keep the nuclear deal with Iran, the hope that the situation around the Iranian nuclear program will move to a constructive direction, according to Velizade, is still there. At the same time, according to his forecasts, the full-scale implementation of US sanctions against Iran in any case can lead to a restructuring of the energy market, primarily as a result of the reorientation of the countries-importers of Iranian oil to other sources. According to Velizade, China accounts for 35%, India 33%, The European Union is 20%, 7% for Turkey and 5% for Iranian oil exports to Japan.
However, given the rejection of imports of Iranian oil, the main partners The USA of Japan, South Korea and some EU countries, Iran loses about 30% its oil exports.
"Iran, of course, will take active steps to prevent the loss of its position in the international energy markets. In particular, Tehran has already announced its intention to use the possibilities of the gray market. However, there is no" gray market "as such, there is only a black, shadow oil market. And, quite naturally, Iran is likely to start selling oil at dumping prices, which may destabilize the oil market and significantly affect pricing, "the political scientist concluded.