ArmInfo. The positive economic indicators of Armenia, registered in 2017, are largely due to the membership of the republic in the Eurasian Economic Union.
This opinion was expressed today at the press conference by the coordinator of the Eurasian expert club and the head of the organization "Integration and Development" Aram Safaryan.
At the same time, he noted that, on the whole, the year was economically favorable for the whole EEA space, but the most impressive indicators were recorded by Armenia. Analysis of the current situation, according to Safaryan, shows that economic growth trends will continue this year. The expert stressed that the most encouraging is that Armenia has significantly improved its export performance in terms of some goods and finished products. First of all - this wine (the republic in 2017 exported 1.2 million liters of wine). "If this pace continues, the export of wine after the export of cognac will be the second leading direction of Armenian exports," the expert said.
According to him, the republic has significantly improved its performance in the direction of exports of textiles and footwear. "This means that the quality of Armenian finished products has not yet been forgotten in the EAEP space," Safaryan said. He said that the Eurasian Economic Week will be held in Yerevan in mid-October, which will also help to establish new business contacts and attract investments. Further, Safaryan presented the economic research data of Doctor of Economic Sciences, member of the Eurasian expert club Tatul Manaseryan. According to the document, the indicator of economic activity in Armenia for 2017 compared to the same period in 2016 grew by 7.7%, which is the highest in the region. The last time, in general, the economic growth of the country at about 7% was recorded in 2012.
A high growth of economic activity was ensured at the expense of the industry, which increased by 12.6% compared to the same period of the previous year to 1,660.9 billion drams, trade - by 14% to 2 602.1 billion drams, services - growth by 14.4% to 1,453.5 billion drams, as well as the restoration of the construction sector - an increase of 2.2% to 415.8 billion drams.
At the same time, the volume of gross agricultural production, compared to the same period of the previous year, declined by 3% to 906.7 billion drams. However, the growth in exports of certain types of agricultural products and manufacturing products has grown significantly, especially in the EEA countries. Only in terms of wine exports to Russia was recorded a record growth in recent years - more than 80% (1 million liters) of Armenian wine exports accounted for the Russian market, while exports to Russia increased by 68.1%. And over the years of Armenia's membership in the EEA, the total volume of exports to Russia has increased by more than 250%.
In 2017, Armenia provided a record volume of exports - $ 2,242.9 million (compared with the same period last year, an increase of 25.2%, which is the highest growth in the last 5 years). At the same time, imports amounted to 4 182.7 million dollars (compared to the same period last year, an increase of 27.8%).
As a result, Armenia's foreign trade turnover in the end of 2017 amounted to 6 425.6 million dollars (compared to the same period last year, an increase of 26.9%). The dollar rate in the indicated period was, on average, 482.72 drams. It is noteworthy that Armenia increased its exports to the CIS countries by 40.3% to $ 579.5 million. The export to the EU countries increased by 32.2% to $ 633 million. In other countries, Armenia exported products worth $ 1030.2 million, which is 14 , 5% more than 2016. Import to Armenia over the past year increased by 27.8%, amounting to $ 4,182.6 million. As a result, the foreign trade turnover amounted to a record figure since the independence of Armenia - $ 6,425.5 million (an increase of 26.9%).
The most significant export items in the reporting period were presented in the following commodity groups: - about $ 692.2 million (an increase of 46.9%),
At the same time, for the year 2017 the import of products for the following commodity groups was prevalent: - about $ 647.7 million (an increase of 11%), - $ 639.3 million ( an increase of 36.4%), - $ 419.9 million (an increase of 27.9%), finished food products - 378.1 million (an increase of 14%). ($ 1 - 480.63 drams).
Meanwhile, as the expert notes, the Armenian government took a lot of efforts to contain inflation growth rates. In January-December of 2017, inflation was registered in the republic at a rate of 1%. This is the lowest rate of inflation in the region, while the situation with inflation in the country is better than even in those countries whose governments have a direct impact on prices.
According to the National Statistical Service, consumer prices in Armenia in December 2017 to December 2016 (12-month inflation) increased by 2.6%, for food products (including alcoholic beverages and tobacco products) - by 5.3%, for non-food products - by 1.7%, while for tariffs and services - decreased by 0.5%.
As for the rise in price of fuel as a result of an increase in the excise tax, it should not lead to a rise in price of other goods. According to the NSS, in January 2018 prices for gasoline, diesel fuel and gas for refueling for the month increased by 5.4%, 16.3% and 11.8% respectively, and compared to January 2017 by 28.7%, 37.3% and 10.9%.