ArmInfo. The National Assembly of Armenia, at a sitting on September 17, ratified the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.
Kristine Grigoryan, RA Deputy Minister of Justice, who submitted the document for ratification, noted that the document was adopted on December 10, 2008. Armenia signed it in 2009. According to the regulations for 2019, 45 states signed the protocol, of which 24 have ratified it. According to the document, the State party to the Covenant recognizes the competence of the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights to receive and consider communications in accordance with the provisions of this Protocol. The Committee will not receive any communication if it concerns a State party that is not a party to this protocol. Communications may be submitted by individuals or groups of individuals under the jurisdiction of or on behalf of a State party who claim to be victims of a violation by that State party of any of the economic, social and cultural rights set forth in the Covenant. If a message is submitted on behalf of individuals or groups of individuals, this is done with their consent, except in cases where the author can justify his actions on their behalf without such consent. The Committee does not consider a communication until it is satisfied that all available domestic remedies have been exhausted. This rule does not apply in cases where the use of such funds is unreasonably delayed. The Committee declares a communication inadmissible if it is not submitted within one year after the exhaustion of domestic remedies, unless the author can prove that it was impossible to forward the communication within that time limit. The Committee may, if necessary, refuse to consider a communication if it does not indicate a clear violation of the author's rights, unless the Committee considers that the communication raises a serious issue of general importance.
If the Committee receives credible information indicating serious or systematic violations by a State party of any of the economic, social and cultural rights enshrined in the Covenant, the Committee invites that State party to cooperate in examining the information and, in this regard, to provide comments on the relevant information. Taking into account any comments that may be submitted by the State party concerned, as well as any other reliable information available to it, the Committee may designate one or more of its members to conduct an investigation and submit an urgent report to the Committee. Where warranted and with the consent of the State party, the investigation may include a visit to its territory. Such an investigation is carried out in confidence, and steps are taken at all stages of the process to ensure the cooperation of the participating State. After examining the results of such an investigation, the Committee shall transmit these results to the State party concerned, together with any comments and recommendations. 6. Within six months of the receipt of the results of such an investigation, the observations and recommendations forwarded by the Committee, the State party concerned shall submit its observations to it. Following the completion of such an investigation process, the Committee may, after consultation with the State party concerned, decide to include a summary of the results of that process in its annual report.