ArmInfo. In 2020, Armenia increased wheat imports by 40% - up to 350.5 thousand tons, demonstrating growth in value terms - by 43.4% - up to $ 72.4 million. The main importer of wheat is the Russian Federation (99.1%).
The export of wheat increased several-fold from 15.3 tons to 64.1 tons, with a 3-fold increase in customs value to $ 33.6 thousand. Wheat exports from Armenia fell to Russia (41.5%), the USA (35.5%), France (15.9%), Belgium (5.6%).
According to customs data, imports of wheat flour to Armenia decreased by 6.8% - to 20.9 thousand tons, and in value terms - by 9.9% - to $ 5.6 million. The main importer of wheat flour to Armenia is also the Russian Federation (99,3%).
At the same time, Armenia exported 26.1 tons of wheat flour, which is 2.6-fold more than a year ago. The customs value also jumped significantly - 3.7 -fold to $ 16.2 thousand. The lion's share of exports (86.2%) fell on the Russian market, and the remaining volume was distributed between the United States (13%) and Lebanon (0.8%).
The volume of imported grain also decreased - by 3% to 5 thousand tons, with an increase in customs value by 50.1% to $ 3.5 million. Armenia mainly imported grain from the Russian Federation (90.5%), and the rest came from Brazil (5,1%), France (1.7%), Ukraine (0.7%), Argentina (0.6%), USA, (0.3%). The volume of grain exported from Armenia amounted to 144.8 tons, having increased by 3.1 times in 2020, and jumped in value terms by 2.5 times to $ 79.8 thousand. The main grain export markets were the Russian Federation (61.7%) and the USA (38.3%). According to the Statistical Committee of the Republic of Armenia, flour production in Armenia in 2020 increased by 13% - up to 199.6 thousand tons.
It should be noted that, according to previously available data, the dominant position in the wheat and flour market is occupied by the Alex-Grig company (owned by the family of the Armenian oligarch, MP Samvel Aleksanyan), which accounts for over 42% of the market, and the company is also a major player. " Manana Grain "- over 36%. Thus, "Alex-Grig" and "Manana Grain" provide about 80% of the domestic market of Armenia. Manana Grain LLC is also one of the largest grain importers to Armenia (over 34% of the market).