ArmInfo.The construction works of the Vedi reservoir started in March 2017 and will be completed by mid-2020. The Head of the State Water Management Committee Arsen Harutyunyan reported this to the Prime Minister of Armenia Karen Karapetyan. On July 29, the head of the Armenian government visited Ararat region of Armenia, where he visited the construction site of the Vedin reservoir, got acquainted with the design developments. This was reported by the press service of the Armenian government.
According to the chairman of the State Water Committee Arsen Harutyunyan, the construction works of the Vedi reservoir started in March 2017 and will be completed by mid-2020. Initially, the total capacity of the reservoir, according to him, was planned at the level of 29 million cubic meters and a water surface of 120 hectares, but as a result of the work the republic will receive a reservoir with a water volume of 2.5 million cubic meters more. The sources of water will be the rivers of the Ararat region - Vedi and Khosrov.
The implementation of the project, as stated by Harutyunyan, will also be of great importance in restoring the balance of the ecosystem of Lake Sevan. As a result of the construction of the Vedi reservoir, the mechanical irrigation of 2,900 hectares of land irrigated by water companies Vedi and Ararat will be replaced by a gravity system, which will save about 19 million kWh of electricity, and the area of irrigated land will increase by 300 hectares. As a result of reconstruction of the irrigation network and modernization of the system, water losses, as well as operating and protection costs, will be reduced. Currently, system losses are estimated in the range of 40-50%. Upon completion of the program, these losses will be reduced to 15-20%. As a result, the water intake from Lake Sevan for irrigation will drop to 18 million cubic meters and the fence from water canal Artashat - on more than 11 million cubic meters. In the process of implementing the program, as noted by Harutyunyan, 150 new jobs are to be opened.
The program for the construction of the Vedi Reservoir, which will soon provide reliable irrigation of 7,500 hectares of land in the Ararat Valley, will cost about 90 million EUR. 75 million EUR - the loan of the French Development Agency, 15 million EUR - parallel financing from the state budget of Armenia.
To recall, the French company ARTELIA EAU & ENVIRONMENT modified the project and the Belgian SHER Ingenieurs-Conseils together with LLC "Jrtuk". The construction is carried out by the Armenian company "Sahakyanshin" (it also rebuilds the Marmarik reservoir, destroyed in 1974, and put into operation in April 2012 - ed.) And the Iranian consortium Pega Construбtion.
To note, the construction of the reservoir is of strategic importance for Armenia. Turkey earlier announced its plans to build large reservoirs on the Arax, which carries risks for the Armenian side in the form of a deficit of irrigation water. As Arsen Harutyunyan, chairman of the State Committee for Water Resources of the Ministry of Energy Infrastructures and Natural Resources, said earlier, Armenia cannot completely eliminate such risks. Nevertheless, the reservoir in Vedi will mitigate the consequences of Turkish water expansion. "From now on, water in the amount of 29 million cubic meters, which "senselessly" flowed through the territory of Armenia, merging into the Araks River, will accumulate in the Vedi Reservoir," the head of the State Committee said. In addition to the implementation of this project, in 2017 it is planned to complete the project work for the restoration and completion of the construction of the Kap Reservoir on the Akhuryan River bordering Turkey. In early 2018, a tender for the construction of the reservoir will be announced. For this purpose, the credit resources of the German KfW bank will be sent in the amount of 50 million EUR, provided for a period of 15 years, the grace period of which is five years. As a result of the construction of the Kap reservoir, which was suspended in 1994, it is planned to provide an additional 5,000 hectares of irrigation. The work, according to different estimates, will last about 5 years.
To date, there are about 90 different reservoirs in Armenia and in the next five years, judging from the government's plans, significant progress is being made in this area. It is planned to implement two more programs for the construction of the Yeghvard and Mastara reservoirs. Funding is mainly provided from loan resources from international donors such as the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), the Eurasian Development Bank, the French Development Agency, the German KFW bank, etc. The total cost of the program, including the construction and rehabilitation of all four reservoirs, is $ 350- 400 million