ArmInfo. The state corporation "Rosatom" is a recognized world leader in the nuclear industry, including non-energy nuclear technologies, and is ready to offer Armenia a whole range of goods and services used in these fields. This is in conversation with the correspondent. ArmInfo was told by Deputy Director of Rosatom Eastern Europe LLC Vladimir Gorn. According to him, the state corporation Rosatom holds leading positions in the number of projects for the construction of power units of nuclear power plants - 42 projects in Russia and abroad are in various stages of implementation, and the portfolio of orders for 10 years is $ 133.4 billion.
As part of the development of non-energy technologies, Rosatom is involved in such areas as information technology, nuclear medicine, the development and manufacture of composite materials, radiation technologies in agriculture and space exploration. The company was tasked with raising the revenue by new directions to 30% of the company's total revenue by 2030. Vladimir Gorn noted that one of the largest and most powerful computers in the world is in Rosatom. Its capacity corresponds to the 12th place in the current ranking of the Top 500 most powerful supercomputers in the world and the 1st place in the Top-50 ranking of Russia and the CIS.
The supercomputer is designed for a wide range of engineering calculations. "It was created by us, as well as the control systems of this computer." Thanks to this computer, various types of modeling and scientific research are being made,"- said the deputy director of the company, adding that the computer has become a "working tool" in the laboratory of three-dimensional modeling of thermal hydraulics of nuclear power plants. It significantly expands the possibilities for carrying out high-precision calculations of reactor plants of various types of nuclear power plants. And this, in turn, allows us to accelerate the cycle of designing new and optimizing certain processes at existing and under construction power units. In addition, the new computer will significantly reduce the time and financial resources required for the choice of the technical solution option and direct experimental development of the reactor equipment components.
Currently, the use of nuclear technology is increasingly used in various industries. For example,Beams are widely used for cross-linking wires in the cable industry, where powerful industrial electron accelerators are used. The process of radiation processing of insulation of cable products requires the use of expensive equipment, so the task of increasing the efficiency of its use is quite urgent. By optimizing the method of irradiating products with an electron beam, it is possible to significantly improve the quality of irradiation and the efficiency of beam utilization, and reduce the cost of processing. In the construction industry, electron-beam processing is used to produce polymer-containing composite materials and products, primarily concrete-polymer and wood-polymer. As a result, the strength characteristics of concrete are increased by 2-3 times, water resistance increases by 40%, wear resistance of concrete and articles from it increases under extreme conditions - low or high temperatures. Polymeric concretes are used for the construction of water intake facilities, pumping stations, power transmission lines. In 2013, Rosatom also proposed a multichannel scanner for dynamic control of the road surface .
The multichannel scanner detects the zones of decompression of the upper layer of the pavement, measures the roughness of the road surface, and can also be used to control the railroad track. It allows for continuous non-destructive diagnostics of the road surface in real time. The analysis is carried out for parameters such as density and compaction factor. In addition to the X-ray densimeter, its competence includes a radar with three antenna units, a data acquisition, processing, storage and visualization unit, a displacement sensor, a profiling sensor, and a GSP positioning sensor. Installation of the unit is possible in two versions - on a trailer or on a car of the "pick-up" type.
Vladimir Gorn also talked about the developments of Rosatom for nuclearmedicine. "Rosatom" today produces everything necessary, starting from of the isotopes themselves, to the clinical equipment on whichdiagnostics. Literally last week with Thailand was signed contract for the creation in this country of a cyclotron-radiochemical complex. It is intended for the further development of nuclear medicine. Radionuclides that can be created in the laboratory of the complex will provide doctors with the opportunity to perform highly effective diagnostics and therapy of a wide range of diseases, mainly in the field of oncology and cardiology. In addition, the complex with a total area of more than 5400 m2 will allow to carry out scientific research to create new radionuclides used in medicine.
The implementation of this project will increase the availability of nuclear medicine not only for the people of Thailand, but also for the Asia-Pacific region as a whole. Conducting research programs will contribute to the accumulation of competencies in the non-energy application of nuclear technologies, their implementation in various sectors and the training of qualified personnel for the industry of the country.