ArmInfo. 72% of employers are dissatisfied with the professional training of personnel and their education. Answering the question of ArmInfo, the chairman of the Union of Employers of Armenia Gagik Makaryan stated. Today, on November 6, the Union of Employers presented its vision of sustainable development of entrepreneurship in the Republic of Armenia, where the main obstacles to the development of the environment are associated with low level of education, shadow economy, corruption and unequal competitive conditions in the business environment, inadequate legislative regulation, inaccessibility of financial resources, trade and energy.
According to Makaryan, the main task of business in Armenia is the lack of competent personnel. Annually the education sector receives $ 320mln, of which $ 250mln of budgetary funds, $ 50mln universities receive in payment for tuition and $ 20mln within various programs. However, today the level of education and professional literacy of the staff leaves much to be desired. In addition, the education system in Armenia is inertial and very slowly adapts to the world trends and current demands of the employer. To date, about 50% of students receive a liberal arts education, which means that in the near future their demand for the market will be very limited. And only 14% are technicians who will have a great opportunity in the labor market.
According to expert, according to research, the annual labor productivity in Armenia is $ 8,600. In Europe, the figure is $ 100-120 thousand. As a result of this, Armenia annually loses its competitiveness. Losing their productivity, the employer is forced to go into the "shadow", because fully working legally and transparently, due to the current tax settlement, they simply close. According to various international structures, the "shadow economy" in Armenia has increased to 35-50% in recent years. However, at present, according to the State Revenue Committee, the "shadow" has significantly decreased, in particular, by the collection of taxes - up to 30%. According to the expert, the "shadow economy" is still not ready to give up its positions and at least 40% are still working in the "shadow".
In addition to problems with the training of personnel, 17.7% of employers in Armenia are called corruption and bribery as barriers to the development of entrepreneurship. 33% of companies said they were forced to conspire with officials - to the so-called "quick pay" to get the service at the proper level. At the same time, despite the reforms initiated by the authorities, the tax burden to this day by business entities (33.7%) continues to be viewed as an instrument of pressure, and 26.7% note the existence of monopolies in the sphere. In this context, the Employers' Union calls for toughening the fight against corruption, developing adequate, flexible tax legislation, significantly reducing the bureaucracy and improving the work of the inspection bodies, and at the same time more effectively informing the business on the current reforms in the sphere.
According to Gagik Makaryan, limited financial resources - the inaccessibility of loans due to high interest rates and unsustainable collateral, in particular for SMEs, is also a barrier to business development. 82% of respondents noted that they can rely only on their own resources on the issue of financing, 37.7% noted that financial programs are not adapted to the existing realities for them in Armenia. The next challenge for local business is energy and energy supply issues - more than 80% said that power outage is a serious problem for business. In this context, the organization calls for the development of flexible financial support tools for local businesses, and ensure uninterrupted power supply by introducing new power stations.