ArmInfo. The life of Armenian nuclear power plant can not be extended all the time, the national expert of the United Nations on energy Ara Marjanyan said this at a press conference in Yerevan on September 14, responding to a question by ArmInfo about the intention of the authorities of the country voiced by the RA Prime Minister to extend the lifetime of the second power unit of the station until 2040.
To recall, on July 26, in an interview with the radio station "Ekho Moskvy", Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan said that the Armenian government expects to extend the life of the second power unit of the NPP until 2040. By the specified date, as the head of the government noted, steps will be taken to build a new nuclear power plant. "I reckon on Russia's help in this matter, because at the moment we do not have enough financial resources to implement this project, but if our Russian colleagues help us, we will gladly accept this assistance," said Nikol Pashinyan, adding that Armenia is not going to shut down the nuclear power plant.
According to Marjanyan, if the decision on the next extension is still made, it will be the third project. "It is necessary to start implementing the program for the construction of a new unit, especially since it takes a considerable period of time to complete this task, starting from design and finishing with construction activities, "Ara Marjanyan noted. He was very skeptical about the initiative to build small modular nuclear power plants." This project does not stand up criticism, "Ara Marjanyan said, stressing that this initiative came from the former leadership of the Ministry of Energy Infrastructures and Natural Resources of Armenia, which had poor idea about nuclear energy. ''The idea of a small modular nuclear power plant is promoted by the Canadian company, which has already announced about the implementation of the project at the Roveno nuclear power plant in Ukraine, which has a reactor similar to the one on the Armenian NPP", - said Marjanyan.
He again urged the government and the leadership of the Ministry of Energy to urgently take a decision on the new bloc, especially in the current conditions when the West carries out an informational campaign aimed at depriving the republic of nuclear energy. Similar campaigns, up to the publication of information materials related to the ANPP in the foreign press, have always been actively supported by Turkey and Azerbaijan. This is evidenced by an article in the National Geographic journal, which has absolutely nothing to do with atomic energy. Despite the conclusion of a the only professional structure -IAEA, which noted the high level of safety of the ANPP, the European Union joined the campaign, with which Armenia concluded the Comprehensive and Expanded Partnership Agreement last year. In this document, the expert continued, the final terms of the Armenian nuclear power plant are stipulated-year 2026 . At the same time, nothing is said about possible substitution capacities. "However, based on the activity the EU demonstrates, it can be concluded that the matter concerns small hydropower stations, renewable and alternative energy sources . Howeverm, these generation facilities will not be able to substitute nuclear power plants, since they are not basic," stated the expert. On January 30 the deputy Head of the EU Division for the Eastern Partnership countries Dirk Lorenz answering to ArmInfo's question stated that the European Union continues to insist on the early closure of the Armenian nuclear power plant, since it is impossible even to bring the level of its security to international standards even by means of modernization. At the same time, he said, Brussels understands the importance of the Armenian NPP in ensuring Armenia's energy security, and this fact is taken into account by the European Union. Currently, the EU and its Armenian partners are working to improve the safety of the station. After the tragic consequences of the accident at the Fukushima nuclear power plant, the EU initiated stress tests at the EU nuclear power plants, Armenia carried out a similar stress test. "Now it is important to implement the results of this stress test, it is also important to actively develop energy efficiency, alternative and renewable energy." If you save and use little energy, you will need less energy in the future," said Dirk Lorenz. The Armenian nuclear power plant consists of two units with Soviet (Russian) WWER reactors. The first unit was commissioned in 1976, the second - in 1980. In March 1989, after the Spitak earthquake, which killed 25 thousand people, the station's work was stopped. In November 1995, in connection with the most acute energy crisis, the second power unit of the station with a capacity of 407.5 MW was involved. In March 2014, the Armenian government decided to extend the lifetime of the second power unit by 10 years - until 2026. The project is coordinated by the subsidiary structure of the State Corporation Rosatom - JSC Rusatom Service. Completion of work is planned for 2019. The Government of the Russian Federation allocated a $ 270 million state export loan to Armenia and a grant of $ 30 million for these purposes.
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