Wednesday, November 20 2019 16:36
Emmanuil Mkrtchyan

ADB to allocate $10 mln on reforms in Armenia`s education and  healthcare sectors 

ADB to allocate $10 mln on reforms in Armenia`s education and  healthcare sectors 

ArmInfo. The Asian  Development Bank (ADB) has approved a $10 million policy-based loan  (in euro equivalent) to assist the Government of Armenia's efforts to  improve the quality and accessibility of education and health  services.

According to the Bank's official press release, Armenia is  experiencing a demographic shift with the share of children under the  age of 18 declining from 37% of the national population in 1990 to  25% now, signaling an impending decline of the country's labor force.  Access to and funding for quality education and health services are  poor, resulting in many people not having the skills to meet  employers' needs and avoidable ill health having a detrimental effect  on the population.

In 2017, for instance, public expenditure on education was about 2.2%  of gross domestic product (GDP), which is lower than the 5%  recommended by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and  Development. Government health spending was at 1.3% of GDP, below the  5% threshold observed by the World Health Organization as expenditure  of countries with low shares of out-of-pocket payments.

To address this, the Government of Armenia has implemented reforms  since 2010 to improve education and health services, with a focus on  helping women and girls. A preschool law was endorsed to the National  Assembly with the aim of boosting the number of children in  elementary schools to 70% in 2023, from around 30% in 2017.  Teachers  have also been receiving training and skills development. A new set  of guidelines and protocols, meanwhile, have been implemented in most  of the country's hospitals and health centers, covering topics  ranging from preventing hospital-acquired "A well-educated and  healthy population is essential for the growth and development of a  country like Armenia, where human capital is significantly  unrealized," said ADB Senior Health Specialist for Central and West  Asia Ms. Rouselle Lavado. "ADB's assistance will support the  government's ongoing efforts to ensure that citizens are educated,  healthy, and productive.

The main focus of the Human Development Enhancement Program is  children and youth, starting from the preschool age. As well as  improving the accessibility and enhancing the quality of education  and health services in the country, the program will also increase  financing for these efforts.

To note, at the parliamentary hearings on the draft state budget, RA  Minister of Health Arsen Torosyan noted that it is planned to  allocate at least 109.1 billion drams to the healthcare sector of  Armenia in 2020 instead of 89.6 billion in 2019. Excluding expenses  on the administrative apparatus, the amount will be 108.023.2 billion  drams. Costs will be increased by 21.7%.

The sectors of science and education will receive 158.092.5 mln drams  (excluding expenses for the administrative apparatus of the joint  Ministry of Education, Science, Culture and Sports ) against  140.273.3 mln drams, recording a growth of 12.7%. About 145 billion  drams will be allocated exclusively to the education sector.

In total, budget revenues will amount to 1.698 trillion drams,  expenditures - 1.880 trillion drams. The deficit will reach 182.6  billion drams.

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Government Bonds

Issue volume

10 billion

Volume of T-bills for placement

200 million

Volume of submitted competitive applications

200 million

Volume of satisfied bids

200 million

Yield at cut-off price

 5.8314%

Maximum yield

 5.8314%

Мinimum yield

 5.8314%

Weighted average yield

 5.8314%

Number of participants

2

The maturity date of T-bills

03.02.2020

ArmEx

 

СПРОС (Покупка)

USD

Средневзв. Цена

482,00

ПРЕДЛОЖЕНИЕ (Продажа)

  USD

Средневзв. Цена

-

СДЕЛКИ

USD

Цена откр.

482,00

Цена закр.

482,00

Мин. Цена

482,00

Макс. Цена

482,00

Ср/взв. Цена

482,00

-0.16

Кол-во сделок

1

Объем (инвал.)

200 000

0бъем (драм)

96 400 000