ArmInfo. The currency interbank of Armenia reduced volume from March 6 to 10 by 38%, after a decline of 31% a week earlier. In parallel, on the intrabank market, after the activity of the previous week, the current passive phase included both USD and RUR transactions, as well as EUR transactions.
Against this background, the exchange currency market, after a week of silence, again made itself felt in a small volume. As a result, the AMD for the reporting week strengthened to the USD from 487 to 486 AMD/USD1, to the RUR from 8.4 to 8.2 AMD/RUR1, tuned to devaluation to the EUR from 513 to 515 AMD/EUR1. A year earlier, in the first decade of March 2016, AMD depreciated against the USD from 491 to 493 AMD/USD1 and the RUR from 6.6 to 7 AMD/RUR1, maintaining its position against the EUR at 540 AMD/EUR1, which, in comparison with the current rates, indicates the annual strengthening of AMD against USD and EUR, with devaluation to RUR. For the entire year of 2016, the exchange currency market gave signs of life occasionally for one operation in March-May: $ 100 thousand in March, $ 2.950 million in April and $ 800thsd in May, followed by a lull. The central bank bought USD in April in the foreign exchange market ($ 2.4 million at the rate of 478.5 AMD/USD1), June ($ 50.2 million at the rate of 476.72 AMD/USD1), August ($ 19.8 million at the rate of 474.25 AMD/USD1 ), September ($ 28.8 million at the rate of 474.11 AMD/USD1) and October ($ 50.8 million at the rate of 475.47 AMD/USD1), and sold in January ($ 53.1 million at the rate of 484.69 AMD/USD1), February ($ 41.5 Million at the rate of 492.59 AMD/USD1), November ($ 13.1 million at the rate of 478.56 AMD/USD1) and December ($ 15 million at the rate of 483.06 AMD/USD1).
As the Armenian Central Bank's press service told ArmInfo, during the reporting week, deals were made at $ 800thsd on NASDAQ OMX Armenia exchange market, having formed the average exchange rate at the level of 486,90 AMD/USD1. At the Interbank currency exchange, from March 6 to 10, transactions were made in the amount of $ 5 million (weekly decline by 38%) at the average rate of 486.27 AMD/USD1 (against the previous 487.09). In parallel with this, on the intrabank market, the weekly dynamics of USD, RUR and EUR transactions changed the vector into a descending one. So, for the reporting week, the volume of buying/selling USD changed the trend from 39.5-53% growth to a 28.7-39% decline, RUR - from 10.4-14.5% growth to 20, 7-14.8% decline, against which the intensified buying of EUR sharply changed the vector from 5.8% growth to a 2-fold decline in parallel with the acceleration of the sales decline from 2.4% to 26.7%. As a result, $ 61.9 million was purchased at the average exchange rate of 485.53 AMD/USD1, 7.4 million EUR at the average exchange rate of 511.66 AMD/EUR1 and 710.5 million RUR at the average rate of 8.26 AMD/RUR1, and sold $ 70.5 million at average rate of 487.18 AMD/USD1, 8.8 million EUR at average rate of 515.94 AMD/EUR1 and 394.8 million RUR at average rate of 8.36 AMD/RUR1.
According to the source, during the previous week (February 27 to March 4), Armenian banks issued AMD 43.7 billion AMD and USD loans for $ 88.2 million. In comparison with the previous period (February 20- 25), the trend for AMD loans deteriorated from 28, 4% growth to 18% decline, while the dynamics of USD loans improved, and sharply from 12.9% decline in growth by 2.3 times.
To note, for the year 2015, in the retail foreign exchange market of Armenia, AMD weakened against the USD from 477 to 482 AMD/USD1 on average, while strengthening against EUR from 571.5 to 529 AMD/EUR1 and against RUR from 8.2 to 6,9 AMD/RUR1. Moreover, from mid-December almost every day the Central Bank conducted interventions. The devaluation of AMD 2015 was observed in parallel with a slowdown in GDP growth from 3.6% to 3%, a decrease in foreign trade turnover (by 20.6%), more significantly imports (by 26.5%) than exports (by 3,9%), as well as the subsidence of the inflow of transfers to Armenia by almost 24%, and this in the already low purchasing power of the population. In 2016, in the retail foreign exchange market, AMD depreciated against USD and RUR to 484 AMD/USD1 and 8 AMD/RUR1, gaining to the EUR to 505 AMD/EUR1, which occurred under conditions of almost stagnant slowdown in GDP growth by 0.2%, continuing, but at a slower pace, subsidence of the net inflow of transfers (by 17.8% yoy in January-December). In parallel to this, in 2016, there was an improvement in the dynamics of foreign trade turnover from a decline by 7.4% growth due to the export and import from the recession to a 20% and 1.6% growth respectively, as well as deflation in the consumption by 1,4%.