ArmInfo. After membership in the Eurasian Economic Union, Armenia from the consumer state can turn into an exporting state of electricity, as accession to the EESP opens up new capabilities.
This was stated by the senior researcher of the Department of Regional and International Studies of the Institute of Oriental Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Armenia, member of the Eurasian expert club Armen Manvelyan during the round table "The role of the expert and educational community of Armenia in the development of Eurasian economic integration".
"Joining such a powerful organization in the energy plan as the EAEU will provide the country with energy resources at relatively low prices and will provide an opportunity to export electricity to this market," he said.
Manvelyan recalled that on January 1, 2015, the agreement on the Eurasian Economic Union came into force, within which the energy component of this cooperation was separately stipulated. According to him, the Unified Energy System is not the first union, in which the energy factor becomes the locomotive for cooperation, and it is the energy sector that facilitates the accession of interested states to this union. "The creation of the common energy market of the EAEU is becoming a strategic goal of this union, which gives an additional attraction to this association for other states and not only the former Soviet republics. The common energy space makes it possible to coordinate the energy policy of the member states of this association, and this, in turn, opens new opportunities for the development of energy production in the field and the creation of competitive markets to attract additional resources and technologies energy development, in turn, increases the possibility of creating and developing an energy security system not only within the framework of one state, but also with the active involvement of other EAEU member states interested in creating a common energy security system, "he stressed. Manvelyan also stressed that the integration of energy markets will provide an opportunity to increase the export and import of electricity to the EAEU countries, this perspective is very important for Armenia, since having the opportunity to produce electricity not only for own consumption, but also for exports, including to the country The EAEU, Armenia is deprived of this opportunity due to weak economic relations, especially in the electric power industry, with the member states of the Union and because of the blockade by Azerbaijan and Turkey. The creation of a common electricity market gives Armenia a unique opportunity to export surplus electricity to this market and start mutually beneficial trade with all members of the EAEC. He recalled that for this purpose, for example, the North-South project is also being implemented to increase the export of electricity to the EAEU countries, which will increase the possibility of electricity exports, and this project is strategically beneficial not only to Armenia but also to other members of the Union, as it opens a unique opportunity to export electricity through Armenia to Iran and other countries of the region. And Armenia, having the opportunity to export electricity, will be able to partly compensate for the energy deficit that exists in some countries of the EAEU. It is also planned that in 2018 the construction of the power transmission line "Armenia-Georgia" will be completed, at the first stage it will ensure the exchange of electric power up to 350 MW, increasing it to 2021 to 700 MW. And the construction of the 3rd power line towards Iran is planned to be completed by 2018: "Thus, as a result of the exploitation of these capacities, the North-South energy corridor can be fully earned, which will allow Armenia to increase the scale of cooperation with other members of the EAEU and be a full-fledged player This mutually beneficial cooperation strengthens the foundation of the EAEU in the field of energy, and a successful start of the electricity market will be a good basis for deepening cooperation in the field of energy. energy and the basis for further development of the energy market in the field of gas, oil and oil products, "Manvelyan said.
Thus, the expert stated, joining the EAEU gives a new breath to the energy industry of Armenia - the country from the energy consuming state turns into an energy producer and an exporter. And such a perspective changes the role of Armenia's energy sector, as a result, it can become a locomotive for economic development in the republic as a whole. It should be noted that the roundtable was organized by the Eurasian Economic Commission, the Eurasian Expert Club, the Research and Analytical NGO "Integration and Development" and the Noravank Foundation.