Monday, December 9 2019 19:31
Naira Badalian

Armenia`s unclaimed balance under international credit agreements  amounts to $ 1.43 bln 

Armenia`s unclaimed balance under international credit agreements  amounts to $ 1.43 bln 

ArmInfo.  As of October 30, 2019, the unclaimed balance under external loans of Armenia amounted to $ 1.43 billion, the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Armenia  reported to ArmInfo.

Thus, under the concluded international agreements, credit programs  worth $ 466 million in the field of road construction are awaiting,  energy received $ 422 million less funding, agriculture and  irrigation - $ 153 million, education - $ 73 million, public sector  reforms - $ 66 million, water supply - $ 10 million. In other fields  programs amounting to $ 173 million are awaiting implementation.

Are expectations worse than reality?  The other day, at a final press  conference, Minister of Finance Atom Janjughazyan admitted that due  to the low level of fulfillment of targeted credit programs by the  end of 2019, the level of public debt will be lower than the level  set in the RA Law "On the State Budget for 2019". According to  Janjughazyan, as part of the medium-term spending program for  2019-2021, the financial authorities forecasted a gradual decrease in  government debt to 50% of GDP. The republic was expected to close the  year 2019 with a debt above this mark. Meanwhile, it is already clear  today that by the end of this year, government debt will be slightly  more than 49% of GDP, and in 2020 it is expected that the figure will  reach about 48.2%.  "Armenia continues to be a country with a low  debt burden," the head of the Ministry of Finance stated.

In particular, it was expected that the republic will close this year  with a state debt of $ 7.423bn (3.612 trillion drams, the rate of the  Armenian dram to the dollar - 486.55 AMD) or 53.5% of GDP. Government  debt was projected at $ 6.9 billion, or 49.8% of GDP. Meanwhile,  according to the expectations laid down in the Law on Public Debt for  2020, the state debt of the Republic of Armenia by the end of 2019  will amount to $ 7.3 billion or 53.2% of GDP, and the government debt  - $ 6.8 billion or 49.6% of GDP.

Thus, over the three quarters of this year, the actual implementation  of capital expenditures amounted to about 39%. Of the planned about  250 billion drams of capital expenditures for 9 months of 2019, the  actual figure amounted to only 71.1 billion drams (against 184  billion drams). That is, the underfulfillment of credit and grant  programs reaches about 61.1%.

Despite the fact that the funds remain unclaimed, the republic  continues to pay the so-called commitment fees. In 2018, Armenia paid  a fee of $ 2 million through undeveloped part of loans in the amount  of $ 1.5 billion. In January-September of this year, $ 972 thousand  were already paid as a commitment fee.

It seems that everything is fine, but something is wrong:

As the former Minister of Finance of Armenia Vardan Aramyan stated  earlier, the strictly conservative approach of the government in the  implementation of capital expenditures may be a positive phenomenon  at first glance, since it formally leads to the preservation or  reduction of the amount of public debt, but in the long run it  jeopardizes the potential for economic growth. In fact, it is capital  investments that provide the maximum multiplier effect for  sustainable economic growth, since these funds, budgetary and credit,  are directed to infrastructure projects, such as road construction,  irrigation and reservoir systems, and the energy sector. Thus,  according to the calculations of the economic team of the Luys  Foundation, of which Aramyan is a member of the coordinating council,  non-fulfillment of capital investments of 1.1% "fines" the potential  for GDP growth by 0.3 percentage points.

That is, according to experts' calculations, if in 2019 the  non-fulfillment of capital investments reaches about 65 billion drams  (or in the amount of 1.1% of GDP), then next year the economic growth  will be lower than the planned level by 1.1 percentage points. In  subsequent years, regardless of the level of investments made, annual  GDP growth rates will be lower by an average of 0.3 percentage  points.  According to experts of the Fund, the reduction in  government investment leads to a reduction in capital stock (for  example, to deterioration of the condition of roads, irrigation  systems and other infrastructures), which negatively affects the  productivity of the economy, reducing the profitability of  investments, in particular due to additional costs with business  entities. In addition, a reduction in private and public investment  leads to a reduction in productivity and labor demand. The decrease  in government spending also reduces export volumes - investment  returns are reduced, total factor productivity is reduced, which  leads to a loss of competitiveness of domestic producers in foreign  markets.

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Government Bonds

Issue volume

10 billion

Volume of T-bills for placement

200 million

Volume of submitted competitive applications

200 million

Volume of satisfied bids

200 million

Yield at cut-off price

 5.8314%

Maximum yield

 5.8314%

Мinimum yield

 5.8314%

Weighted average yield

 5.8314%

Number of participants

2

The maturity date of T-bills

03.02.2020

ArmEx

 

СПРОС (Покупка)

USD

Средневзв. Цена

482,00

ПРЕДЛОЖЕНИЕ (Продажа)

  USD

Средневзв. Цена

-

СДЕЛКИ

USD

Цена откр.

482,00

Цена закр.

482,00

Мин. Цена

482,00

Макс. Цена

482,00

Ср/взв. Цена

482,00

-0.16

Кол-во сделок

1

Объем (инвал.)

200 000

0бъем (драм)

96 400 000